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W National Park

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W National Park (French: Parc national du W)[1] anaa W Regional Park (French: W du Niger) ɔyɛ amansan park tsitsir wɔ Ebibirim Atɔe a ɔwɔ meander wɔ River Niger a ɔda hɔ tse dɛ akyerɛwamba W (French: double v). Park no ka mbeambea a ɔka aman ebiasa Niger, Benin na Burkina Faso, na ɔyɛ aban ebiasa na wodzii ne do  . Kɔpem 2008, wɔdze regional management nhyehyɛɛ a  wonyaa mboa fri EU-funded project ECOPAS (Protected Ecosystems in Sudano-Sahelian Africa, French: Ecosystèmes protégés en Afrique soudano-sahélienne) .  National parks ebiasa no yɛ edwuma wɔ W Transborder Park ne dzin mu.(French: Parc Regional W).[2] W National Park bea a ɔda  Benin, a osusu bor  8,000 km2 (3,100 sq mi), bɛhyɛɛ African Parks ne nhwedo tumi ase wɔ Obiradzi 2020. [3] Wɔ Benin, W National Park nye Pendjari National Park  sann hɔn ho a n'ara so hyɛ African Parks ne nhwedo tumi ase.

Abakɔsɛm[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

W National Park a ɔwɔ Niger no decree na ɔyɛe wɔ 4 Dzifuu 1954, na  ofri 1996 w'abɛyɛ bea dɛ UNESCO World Heritage Site. Wɔ Niger mu no, Park yi ka ho dɛ National Park, IUCN Type II, na ɔka  complex of Reserves and protected areas akɛse ho. Iyi bi nye adjacent Dallol Bosso (Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) ɔda eastern bank wɔ  Niger River na partial overlap of the smaller "Parc national du W" (Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar).[4] Parks ebiasa no yɛ  BirdLife International Important Bird Areas (IBAs) ma types A1 na A3 (IBA codes IBA NE001, IBA BF008, and IBA BJ001).

Mbububui a ɔda River Niger a ɔma ɔsɛ W National Park ma no ne dzin no.

Wɔ Aman ebiasa mu no, Regional park fa bea a osusu  dɛ 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) nyimpa dodow ara na w'ahyɛ hɔ ma, w'ayɛ kɔpem 1970 a  ɔyɛ Malarial zone ma wetlands a delta of the Mékrou River nye the Niger na wɔyɛɛ no, rocky hills na obubuu no. Wɔ abakɔsɛm mu no, dɛm bea no a bɛyɛ bea a na nyimpa tse hɔ wɔ mber bi mu, Iyi yɛ ma nsɛm hia fri archaeological sites (ne tsitsir yɛ bea a wɔsie nkorɔfo) a wɔ hun wɔ dɛm biara.

Flora[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

Wɔ national park no, Ahaban ahorow  454 na wɔ hun wɔ hɔ , wɔ hun nnoma a wɔfrɛ hɔn orchids ebien nso  wɔ Niger. Park no sanso wɔ southern limit tiger bush plateaus nkyekɛmu wɔ Niger.

Fauna[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

Park yi agye dzin dɛ wɔ mbowa akɛse beberee, ibi nye aardvark, baboon, African buffalo, caracal, cheetah, African bush elephant, hippopotamus, African leopard, West African lion, serval na warthog. Park yi yɛ fie dze ma  West Africa ne African Ɔson a w'aka a n'enyiwado yɛ hyehyeehyew. Na ibom, West African giraffe a ne ho yɛ na, ndɛ a wɔwɔ Niger mbea kakrabi , nnyi park hɔn biom. W Park a ɔsanso yɛ  historic occurrence of packs ma endangered West African wild dog,[5] ibom dɛm canid yi sesiara w'eyi hɔn efri dɛm bea no.[6]National Park no yɛ ka strongholds a w'aka ma Northwest African cheetah . Hɔn dodow sua a ɔyɛ bɛyɛ nyimpa 25 a wɔ susu dɛ wɔ tse  W–Arli–Pendjari protected area complex ho.[7]

W National Park sanso agye dzin dɛ nnoma hyɛ hɔ pii, ne tsitsir yɛ nnoma a wɔnntsena fakor , na no mu bɛyɛ 350 na wɔ hu hɔn wɔ hɔ .[8] Park no enya ahyɛ nsiw efri BirdLife International dɛ ɔyɛ bea a wɔfrɛ no Important Bird Area.[9]

Mfonyi Bea[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

Hwɛ iyi nso[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

• Geography portal

• Pendjari National Park

Nhwɛdo[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

• ^ Jump up to:a b c d "Parc national du W". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.

• ^ parc-w.net: Official site.

• ^ "Benin Government Commits to Long-term Protection of W National Park in Benin".

• ^ World Database on Protected Areas: W du Niger

• ^ W National Park. 2009

• ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2009

• ^ Durant, Sarah M.; Mitchell, Nicholas; Groom, Rosemary; Pettorelli, Nathalie; Ipavec, Audrey; Jacobson, Andrew P.; Woodroffe, Rosie; Böhm, Monika; Hunter, Luke T. B.; Becker, Matthew S.; Broekhuis, Femke; Bashir, Sultana; Andresen, Leah; Aschenborn, Ortwin; Beddiaf, Mohammed; Belbachir, Farid; et al. (2017). "The global decline of cheetah Acinonyx jubatus and what it means for conservation". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 114 (3): 528–533. doi:10.1073/pnas.1611122114. PMC 5255576. PMID 28028225.

• ^ United Nations Environment Programme-World Conservation Monitoring Centre (Content Partner); Mark McGinley (Topic Editor). 2009. "'W' National Park, Niger." In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). online Archived 2009-11-29 at the Wayback Machine

• ^ BirdLife International. (2013). Important Bird Areas factsheet: 'W' National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/03/2013.

Kasadwini[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

• Convers Arnaud, Chaibou Issa, Binot Aurélie, Dulieu Dominique (2007) La gestion de la transhumance dans la zone d’influence du parc régional du w par le programme ecopas: une « approche projet » pour l’aménagement de la périphérie du parc. Vertigo Hors Série 4. URL : http://vertigo.revues.org/761 ; DOI : 10.4000/vertigo.761

• Benoit M (1998) Statut et usage du sol en périphérie du parc national du "W" du Niger. Tome 1 : Contribution à l’étude du milieu naturel et des ressources végétales du canton de Tamou et du Parc du "W". ORSTOM, Niamey, Niger, 41 p. [1]

• Doussa S (2004) Les impacts de la culture cotonnière sur la gestion des ressources naturelles du Parc W. Maitrise, Université de Ouagadougou.

• Grégoire JM, Fournier A, Eva H & Sawadogo L (2003) Caractérisation de la dynamique des feux et de l’évolution du couvert dans le Parc du W: Burkina Faso, Bénin et Niger. 64 S. [2]

• Hogan C.Michael (2009) Painted Hunting Dog: Lycaon pictus, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg

• Koster S, Grettenberger J (1983). "A preliminary survey of birds in Park W Niger". Malimbus. 5: 62–72.

• Nacoulma, B.M.I. (2012): Dynamique et stratégies de conservation de la végétation et de la phytodiversité du complexe écologique du Parc National du W du Burkina Faso. PhD thesis, Université de Ouagadougou.

• Nacoulma, B.M.I., Schmidt, M., Hahn, K., Thiombiano, A. (2020): A checklist of vascular plants of the W National Park in Burkina Faso, including the adjacent hunting zones of Tapoa-Djerma and Kondio. Biodiversity Data Journal 8: e54205. [3]

• Poche R (1976). "A checklist of National Park W, Niger". Africa Mig. Field. 41 (3): 113–115.

• Poche R (1973). "Niger's threatened park 'W'". Oryx. 12 (2): 216–222. doi:10.1017/s003060530001156x.

• Rabeil T (2003) Distribution potentielles des grands mammifères dans le Parc du W au Niger. Doctoral Thesis, Univ. Paris VII. 463 S. [4]

• Price et al. (2003) The “W” Regional Park of Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger - Building on a Process of Regional Integration to Address both Local Interests and Transboundary Challenges. World Parks Congress 2003, Durban, RSA. In: Pansky, Diane (ed.). 2005. Governance Stream of the Vth World Parks Congress. Ottawa, Canada: Parks Canada and IUCN/WCPA. ISBN R62-375/2003E-MRC 0-662-40433-5. [5]

• W National Park of Niger. 2009. [6]

• Zwarg A, Schmidt M, Janßen T, Hahn K, Zizka G (2012) Plant diversity, functional traits and soil conditions of grass savannas on lateritic crusts (bowé) in south eastern Burkina Faso. Flora et Vegetatio Sudano-Sambesica 15: 15–24. [7]

Abɔntsen do nkitahodzi[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

• Detailed Nigerien government tourist map.

• WCMC World Heritage Site Data Sheet

• UNESCO Page on W National Park

• BirdLife IBA Factsheet 'W' National Park.

• Le Parc du W du Niger (Niger, Burkina Faso, Bénin): Aires protégées Burkina Faso - Niger - Bénin. Centre IRD d'Orléans Research Summary, University of Orleans (France)