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Daredevils of Sassoun

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Daredevils of Sassoun
epic poem
TitleՍասունցի Դավիթ Sesa mu
Genreepic poem Sesa mu
Country of originArmenia Sesa mu
Language of work or nameArmenian Sesa mu
Publication date1874 Sesa mu
CharactersDavid of Sasun, Q21698674 Sesa mu
Intangible cultural heritage statusRepresentative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Armenia Sesa mu
Described at URLhttps://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/00743, https://ich.unesco.org/fr/RL/00743, https://ich.unesco.org/es/RL/00743 Sesa mu
Full work available at URLhttp://serials.flib.sci.am/sasnacrer/Sasna%20Crer%201944/book/content.html?sa=X&ved=0CDIQ9QEwD2oVChMIk_nOrbX5xgIVqZbbCh1ZJQvj Sesa mu
Copyright statuspublic domain Sesa mu

Daredevils of Sassoun[1] (Armenia kasa mu: Սասնա ծռեր Sasna cṙer, wɔsan so kyerɛw no Daredevils of Sasun) yɛ Armeniafo (Armenian) akokodurfo awensɛm a ɔwɔ kyinhyia anan (4) (afa horow), a nye ɔbran tsitsir na n’asɛm no nyim no yie dɛ David of Sassoun, a ɔno nye asɛm no afa anan (4) no mu kor (1) ho.[2]

Ekyi asɛm (Background)[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

Sassoun (modern-day Sason) in TurkeyՍասնա (Sasna) kyerɛ ase dɛ "ɔyɛ Sassoun dze", ɔmantɔw bi a ɔwɔ Armenia Atɔe fam wɔ mbepɔw do ɔman a ɔso yɛ tor wɔ Ɔtar Van anaafo-atɔe fam wɔ dza mprempren wɔfrɛ no Batman Mantɔw (Batman Province), Turkey epuei fam. Ծուռ Cuŕ "kɔntɔnkye" kyerɛ atsetsesɛm mu animus etuatsew.[3][4][5]

Asɛm nu abakɔsɛm[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

Statue of Sasuntsi Davit wɔ Yerevan a Yervand Kochar yɛɛ wɔ afe (1959)

Armenia Asomafo Asɔr (Armenian Apostolic Church) no ɔsɔfopɔn bi, Garegin Srvandztiants, a na ɔnye ekuafo a wɔwɔ Armenia Atɔe fam mbea a ɔwɔ ekyir a wontum nkɔ hɔ no wɔ nkitsahodzi a emu yɛ dzen soronko no "huu" Sasun ho asɛm no wɔ afe 1873 mu. Ɔka dɛ:

For three years I tried to find somebody who knew the entire story, but nobody seemed to know all of it until I met Gurbo from a village on the Moush plain. I learned that his master had two pupils who also knew the tale by heart, singing verses in it, although Gurbo himself had not recited it for so long that he had forgotten a good deal of it. Nevertheless, I kept him with me for three days, I begged him, cajoled him, honored him, rewarded him, and when he felt better and was in the proper mood, he recited the tale for me in his own village dialect, and I wrote it all down in his own words.[5]

Kasa (Language)[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

Ɔwom dɛ kasa no dɔɔso wɔ awensɛm mu mfonyin ahorow mu dze, nanso mpɛn pii no honam fam nkatse mu nsɛm no nnyi hɔ. Iyi tse dɛm osiandɛ ɔho hia dɛ ɔyɛ soronko wɔ anansesɛm a wɔdze ano ka ho wɔ asɛm a wɔakyerɛw ho. Nna dza ɔkenkan no bɛkɔ do ayɛ n’adzeyɛ no na wayɛ asɛm no afa dodow no ara ho agor dze agye n’atsiefo no enyigye, asɛm no nye adze tsitsir, na dza ɔkenkan no fata adzeyɛ mu nsɛm no. Wɔakyerɛw no wɔ kasa a wɔahyɛ do fɛfɛɛfɛ mu na hyperbole yɛ mfir a ɔda nsow wɔ dɛm awensɛm kwan yi do.

Nwoma horow na nkyerɛase horow[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

National epic of the Armenian people David of Sasun. Formed between the 8th and 10th centuries. Hood. A. Kojoyan, 1922
Cover of an Armenian comic book, Sasna Tun (House of Sasun), 1982 by Chris Carapetian

Wɔ afe 1881 mu no, wɔkyerɛɛ "Daredevils of Sasun" ase kɔɔ Russia kasa mu.

Wɔ afe 1902 mu no, Armenia awensɛm kyerɛwfo na ɔkyerɛwfo a wagye dzin Hovhannes Tumanyan kyerɛw awensɛm bi a ɔkaa Sassoun Dawid ho asɛm wɔ ndɛyi kasa mu.

Ekyir wɔkyerɛɛ anansesɛm no ase kɔɔ Soviet Fekuw aman (republics of the Soviet Union) duenum no nyinara kasa mu, na afei wɔkyerɛɛ Franse na China kasa mu. Osiandɛ ɔkyerɛɛ ayɛsɛm no ase kɔɔ Russianyi ntsi, wɔpaw awensɛm kyerɛwfo Valery Bryusov dɛ Armenia Nyimpa Awensɛm kyerɛwfo wɔ afe 1923.[6] Awensɛm kyerɛwfo na ɔkyerɛwfo Konstantine Lortkipanidze kyerɛɛ ayɛsɛm no tsi pii ase kɔɔ Georgian kasa mu.[7]

Sene horow[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

Wɔ afe 2010 mu no, wɔyɛɛ sene bi a wɔdze mfonyin ayɛ a wɔfrɛ no Sasna Tsrer, a Arman Manaryan na ɔkyerɛɛ kwan, a ɔfa Daredevils of Sassoun no kyinhyia ebaasa a edzi kan no ho.[8] Sene a wɔdze mfonyin ayɛ a egye minitsi eduawɔtwe (80) no gyee mfe awɔtwe (8) na wɔdze yɛɛ sene no.[9]

Ndwom[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

Wɔ afe 2005 mu no, Russianyi-Canadanyi ndwom hyehyɛfo Airat Ichmouratov hyehyɛɛ awensɛm a wɔdze ndwom a ɔyɛ dɛɛ ‘David of Sassoуn’, a nwoma a Nairi Zarian, afeha a ɔtɔ do eduonu (20) mu Armenia awensɛm kyerɛwfo a wagye dzin, a wɔ afe 1966 mu no ɔkyerɛɛ Armeniafo amandze kwan do ayɛsɛm yi ase yɛɛ no nsɛm a ɔnnyɛ dzen mbrɛ ɔbɛyɛ a mbofra enyi bogye ho na mpanyimfo nyinara. Wɔyɛɛ awensɛm a wɔdze ndwom a ɔyɛ dɛw dzi dwuma no wɔ Russia, Canada, na Armenia.[10][11]

Hwɛ iyi so[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

Mboaedze[sesa mu | sesa ekyirsɛm]

  1. Also known as Rebels of Sassoun
  2. "Performance of the Armenian epic of 'Daredevils of Sassoun' or 'David of Sassoun'". UNESCO. 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2013
  3. Leon Surmelian (1964), Daredevils of Sassoun: The Armenian National Epic, page 7.
  4. Leon Surmelian (1964), Daredevils of Sassoun: The Armenian National Epic, pages 7-8.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Leon Surmelian (1964), Daredevils of Sassoun: The Armenian National Epic, page 8.
  6. "Brusov and the poetry of Armenia". Brusov Museum. Google Arts and Culture.. 2011. p. last page. Retrieved 2020-12-28. The government of the newly founded Republic rendered to Brusov the honorary title of a People's Poet of Armenia
  7. Mchedlishvili, David A. (2010–2012), "კონსტანტინე ლორთქიფანიძე (Konstantine Lortkipanidze)", Biographical Dictionary (in Georgian), retrieved 2021-09-22
  8. "Sasna Tsrer full-length animation film to premier January 25 in Yerevan". PanARMENIAN.Net. Retrieved 2020-12-31
  9. "80-minute film in 8 years". youth.am. Retrieved 2020-12-31
  10. "Հայաստանում առաջին անգամ կհնչի Այրատ Իչմուրատովի "Սասունցի Դավիթ" սիմֆոնիկ ֆանտազիան". Erevan: panorama.am. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  11. Denise Martel (24 January 2011). "La musique du monde de l'OSQ au Palais Montcalm (in French)". Montreal: journaldequebec.com. Retrieved 2020-02-02.